The roman Gaul
The roman Gaul
Following the conquest of “Longhaired Gaul” by Julius Caesar, the whole country fell into the hands of the Romans. After a relatively long period of pacification, Gaul became integrated into the Roman Empire mainly under Emperor Augustus, who reigned from 27 BC to 14 AD. The political, administrative, social and religious structure of Gaul was completely overturned. Urbanisation, along with the construction of public buildings, amphitheatres, spas, the creation of a highly sophisticated road network and the dissemination of the written word, were some of the many notable achievements of this period.
Now a province of Rome, the material culture of Roman Gaul underwent gradual changes, reflecting the assimilation of Roman or Mediterranean customs, techniques, lifestyles and ideas, to a greater or lesser extent, according to the region, social environment and era. This contribution, sometimes blended with the heritage of the previous era, would help create a provincial Roman civilisation that was both original and dynamic, the Gallo-Roman civilisation.
The seven rooms in the museum that make up the Gallo-Roman department evoke the world of the gods and the dead, the presence of the Roman army in Gaul, different types of crafts, and all aspects of daily life: food, clothing, jewellery, entertainment, the domestic environment, medicine, transport, writing, etc.